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Cities Of India

ORCHHA
There are several historic facts that enlighten readers about Orchha, a quaint little town situated in Madhya Pradesh's Tikamgarh District. Orchha, an erstwhile princely state in the Bundelkhand region basks prettily along the banks of the Betwa River.
Located in the vicinity of the historically famous Jhansi, Orchha encompasses the latitudinal meridian of 25 degrees 35 minutes North on one hand and the longitudinal meridian of 78 degrees 64 minutes on the other.

The former Bundela chief Rudra Pratap Singh was the first monarch of the princely state of Orchha. It was Rudra Pratap Singh who founded the city of Orchha, way back in the 16th century. The only Bundela state that did not subjugate to the Maratha power, Orchha has many a claim to its fame. The first and foremost of the Bundela states with a 15-gun salute. The Maharajahs of Orchha were highly esteemed and were recipients of the honorable title, First of the Princes of Bundelkhand.

Orchha is also opulent in tourist attractions. The majestic Orchha fort whose origin can be traced back to the 17th century houses numerous spectacular palaces and other edifices. The chaste Raja Rammandir, elaborate and intricately decorated Jahangirmahal as well as a host of other cenotaphs, tombs and temples are peppered all over Orchha and are the must see destinations on a Central Indian sojourn. The ancient Chaturbhuj temple that rests on a stone pedestal is another big draw with erudite scholars, savant researchers and tourists sightseeing in and around Orchha.

History of Orchha

The history of Orchha sheds light on the glorious past of the Madhya Pradesh city that was famed as an erstwhile princely state in the Bundelkhand region. The legendary Bundela chieftain Rudra Pratap Singh founded the town of Orchha, way back in the 16th century.

The town of Orchha has fought against the vagaries of time. The chronicles of Orchha history record that Raja Jujhar Singh, a former Orchha monarch had renegaded against the mighty Mughal potentate, Shah Jehan in the 17th century. This tactical error met with disastrous consequences and soon afterwards, in between 1635 to 1641 AD, the Mughal army took over the princely state and caused wanton carnage and destruction.

Very soon, however Orchha grew into a powerful empire. The only state that did not succumb before the Marathas in the 18th century, Orchha has many a claim to its fame. In the year 1783, the town of Tehri ( present Tikamgarh) was established as the capital of Orchha. Tehri is also an historically eminent town that houses the majestic and crenelated fort of Tikamgarh.

In the long lineage of the Orchha emperors, Maharajah Hamir Singh was another celebrated monarch who ruled over Orchha between 1848 to 1874. The philanthropist Maharaja Pratap Singh, Hamir Singh's successor ascended to the throne in 1874 AD and worked solely for the noble cause of the sustainable growth and development of the state's engineering and irrigation facilities. In fact, Orccha reached the zenith of prosperity during his regime.

In the year 1904, the state encompassed an area of 2080 sq. miles and marked a net populace of 321,634 people. The first and foremost of the Bundela states with a 15-gun salute, the Maharajahs of Orchha were deeply esteemed in the region and were conferred the hereditary title of the First of the Princes of Bundelkhand. The annals about Orchha state that Vir Singh had coalesced his princely state with the Union of India on 1st January 1950.

Climate of Orchha

The climate of Orchha or Urchha is marked by the sweltering heat of the summers and the cool winters. The nondescript town whose nomenclature means 'hidden' in the local dialect was established as a powerful kingdom in the Bundelkhand region of Madhya Pradesh by the Bundela Chieftain Rudra Pratap Singh.

The erstwhile princely state of Orchha spans across the the latitudinal meridian of 25 degrees 35 minutes North on one hand and the longitudinal meridian of 78 degrees 64 minutes on the other. A landlocked town, Orchha weather reports state that the town records a maximum temperature of 47.7 degrees centigrade in the scorching summers. The minimum temperature to be recorded during summer is 24.9 degrees centigrade. Winters however are much cooler and the mercury dips quite low. The average winter temperature in Orchha varies between 24.5 degrees centigrade and 9.1 degrees centigrade. The terrains of Orccha suffer from an acute paucity of rainfall. Orchha receives scanty rainfall of an average of 40 inches (101.6 cm) rainfall annually from the southwest monsoon rains. Orchha also receives negligible precipitation throughout the year.

Tourists are advised to gather sufficient knowhow about Orchha and visit the town that exudes oodles of old world charm during the relatively cooler and bracing winter and spring months that stretch between October to March.

Latitude 25.3500 Longitude 78.6500 Altitude (feet) 761 Lat (DMS) 25° 21' 0N Long (DMS) 78° 39' 0E Altitude (meters) 231
 
 
 
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